Type 0 :  If   + present tense,  present tense

  • We use type 0 to talk about general truths or facts.

If the batteries are flat, the radio doesn’t work.


Type 1 : If   + present tense, will  /  can  + infinitive.It refers to the future

  • We use the 1° conditional to talk about the consequences of something which may possibly happen in the future.

If you pay cash, I’ll give you a 5 % off.


Type 2 :  If  + past tense,  would /could  + infinitive. It refers to the present

We use the second conditional to talk about something which we think is unlikely to happen, to refer to a hypothetical or unreal situation. When  the if clause contains the verb be, we usually use were not was, especially after I.

     If I weren’t so tired, I would gladly help you.

     I would gladly help you if I weren’t so tired. ( commas )

  • We often use the expression If I were you to give advice.

If I were you, I would take travelers’ checks.


Type 3 :  If  + past perfect tense, would have  +  past participle . It refers to the past

  • We use the third conditional to talk about actions or events which did not happen in the past, and the imaginary consequences.

If you had bought shares last month,  you would have made a lot of money.

  1. Paulanoviembre 24, 2009   

    Profe, buenas tardes,sino seria mucha molestia y pudo corregir los quizzes,me diria si aprobé?no tengo su correo por eso le escribo desde aqui.muchas gracias,Paula Martinez

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